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胜利&更新|雅思写作必背近义词替换及辨析(4)

词义辨析第4期:

今天给大家带来『更新』与『胜利』的不同表达方法的词义辨析, 周一给你补充满满元气!

点击文末图片就可以回顾前3期词义辨析内容~

秒变元气少男少女——

 refresh / recovery / renew / restore / revive / rejuvenate 

以上各词均含有“恢复”、“更新”的意思。

refresh /rɪˈfreʃ/  

释义to make sb feel less tired or less hot. v.使恢复精神;使焕然一新

例句:The lotion cools and refreshes the skin.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary) 

这种润肤液凉爽清新,能够焕发肌肤的活力。

词义辨析:用于形容消除疲劳,焕发活力。


recovery /rɪˈkʌvəri/

释义:the process of improving or becoming stronger again.n.恢复;痊愈

例句:The government is forecasting an economic recovery .(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary) 

政府预测经济会复苏。

词义辨析:指经历过衰败、病痛后的痊愈,可用于经济衰败后复苏,也可指人病愈。


renew /rɪˈnjuː/

释义to begin sth again after a pause or an interruption. v.重新开始

例句:He renewed his attack on government policy towards Europe. (例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

他重新开始对政府的欧洲政策进行抨击。

词义辨析:指重新开始做、原本做过但暂停了的事情。


restore /rɪˈstɔː(r)/

释义 to bring back a situation or feeling that existed before. v.恢复;使复原

例句:The measures are intended to restore public confidence in the economy.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

这些举措旨在恢复公众对经济的信心。

词义辨析:指把事物恢复到原样。用于把已经旧了、被破坏的东西恢复原样,也用于人或事物重回原来的地位。


revive /rɪˈvaɪv/

释义:to become, or to make sb/sth become, conscious or healthy and strong again. v.使复活;唤醒

例句:She and a neighbour tried in vain to revive him.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

她和邻居想尽一切办法都没能让他苏醒过来。

词义辨析:指使生命体苏醒、复活 。



rejuvenate /rɪˈdʒuːvəneɪt/ 

释义:to make sb/sth look or feel younger or more lively. v.使变得年轻;使恢复活力

例句:Shelley was advised that the Italian climate would rejuvenate him.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

有人建议雪莱去意大利,那里的天气会使他恢复活力。

词义辨析:同指恢复,特别侧重恢复的结果是年轻和活力。


4个胜利在排队向你招手——

win victory / conquest / triumph 

以上各词均有“胜利”的意思,但含义不同。

win /wɪn/

释义:to be the most successful in a competition, race, battle, etc.  v.获胜;战胜(对手)

例句:He does not have any realistic chance of winning the election.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

他没有一点儿赢得选举的现实机会。

词义辨析:多指在竞赛、比拼中获得奖项、奖牌。


victory /ˈvɪkt(ə)ri/

释义:a victory is a success in a struggle, war, or competition. n.胜利

例句:Union leaders are heading for victory in their battle over workplace rights.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

工会领袖们即将赢得争取工作场所权利斗争的胜利。

词义辨析:专指斗争后的胜利,强调拥有艰难的过程。



conquest /ˈkɒŋkwest/

释义:the act of taking control of a country, city, etc. by force. n.征服;战利品

例句:He had led the conquest of southern Poland in 1939。(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

1939年,他指挥了攻占波兰南部的行动。

词义辨析:专指攻占某国家或地区,可获得支配地位的胜利。


triumph /ˈtraɪʌmf/

释义:a great success, achievement or victory. n.战胜;巨大成就

例句:The championships proved to be a personal triumph for the coach, Dave Donovan.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

事实证明,在这次锦标赛中教练戴夫·多诺万取得了非凡的个人成就。

词义辨析:强调胜利、成就的非凡。

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