首页> 考头条> 机经预测

雅思写作必背近义词替换及词义辨析(二)

词义辨析第二期:

第一期词义辨析中,我们分析了考试中最常用到的“表达情绪”的词语,今天带大家一起来看如何区分【5种阻止和5种威胁的使用区别,出国留学遇到不平等的事情时应该如何表述↓

点击文末图片就可以回顾第一期词义辨析内容~

如何优雅地阻止别人——

frustrate / baffle / foil / thwart / balk

以上各词均有“阻止某人做某事”、“阻挡···取得结果”的意思。

frustrate /ˈfrʌˌstreɪt/

释义:to make sb feel annoyed or impatient because they cannot do or achieve what they want. 使灰心,使沮丧,使愤怒

例句:These questions frustrated me.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

这些问题让我沮丧。

词义辨析:指尽一切努力要做的事成为泡影的沮丧之情。

baffle /ˈbæf(ə)l/

释义to confuse sb completely; to be too difficult or strange for sb to understand or explain. 使困惑,把…难住

例句:His behaviour baffles me.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

他的行为使我难以琢磨。

词义辨析:指故意使对方混淆,使对方迷惑。


foil /fɔɪl/

释义:to stop sth from happening, especially sth illegal; to prevent sb from doing sth. 阻止,挫败

例句:A brave police chief foiled an armed robbery on a jewellers' by grabbing the raiders' shotgun.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

一位勇敢的警长夺过了意图袭击珠宝店的劫匪手中的猎枪,阻止了这起持械抢劫案

词义辨析:主要用于阻止阴谋、非法行动等非正义行动。


thwart /θwɔrt/

释义:If you thwart someone or thwart their plans, you prevent them from doing or getting what they want. 使受挫,阻碍,阻挠

例句:The accounting firm deliberately destroyed documents to thwart government investigators.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

会计事务所故意毁坏文件,阻挠政府调查工作。

词义辨析:蓄意阻止对方正在做的事。


balk /bɔk/

释义:if you balk at something, you definitely do not want to do it or to let it happen.畏缩,回避

例句:Even biology undergraduates may balk at animal experiments.

面对动物实验,哪怕是生物专业的大学生也会畏缩。(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

词义辨析:暗示在别人的路上设置障碍以使对方畏缩。


国外会遇到的五种恐吓的区别——

frighten / threaten / menace / intimidate / bully 

以上各词均有“威胁”、“恐吓”的意思。

frighten /ˈfraɪt(ə)n/

释义:to make sb suddenly feel afraid. 使惊恐,使害怕,吓唬

例句:He knew that Soli was trying to frighten him, so he smiled to hide his fear.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

他知道索利是想吓唬他,所以他挤出笑容掩饰自己的恐惧。

词义辨析:常用于形容用恐吓来强迫某人做某事。

threaten /ˈθret(ə)n/

释义:to say that you will cause trouble, hurt sb, etc. if you do not get what you want. 威胁,恐吓

例句:The hijackers threatened to kill one passenger every hour if their demands were not met.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

劫机者要挟说,如果他们的要求得不到满足,他们每过一小时就杀死一名乘客。

词义辨析:指扬言用惩罚的方法强迫、吓唬某人做某事。

menace /ˈmenəs/

释义:a person or thing that causes, or may cause, serious damage, harm or danger. 威胁,恐吓

例句:This is a new initiative aimed at beating the menace of illegal drugs

这个新举措旨在打击非法毒品威胁的。(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

词义辨析:用于形容可能发生的危险。

intimidate /ɪnˈtɪmɪˌdeɪt/

释义:to frighten or threaten sb so that they will do what you want(恫吓,恐吓,威胁)

例句:They were accused of intimidating people into voting for them.

他们被控胁迫选民投他们的票。(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

词义辨析:多用那个以形容上级对下级的恐吓。

bully /ˈbʊli/

释义:to frighten or hurt a weaker person; to use your strength or power to make sb do sth. 欺负,恐吓,欺凌

例句:I won't be bullied into signing anything.(例句来源:Collins English Dictionary)

我绝不会屈服于压力签署任何东西。

词义辨析:指仗势欺人者、横行霸道者施加的不平等行为。

相关资讯

点击规划你的学习路径

关闭

HI,我是你的专属学习规划师
免费规划最适合你的学习路径

规划你的学习路径